India Information

India is a vast country extending the Himalayas in the North to Kanyakumari in the South. India, also known as Bharat, is a big country.The Himalayas separate her from the rest of Asia. The Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean make her a peninsula. We find endless diversity in the Indian sub continent from the physical point view. There are wide differences in her climate, temperature, rainfall, soil, agriculture, flora and fauna etc. Yet the fact that Indian economy has been primarily agricultural led to the development of common characteristics and common outlook. India known as the land of spirituality and philosophy, was the birthplace of some religions, which even exist today in the world.

 

The most dominant religion in India today is Hinduism. About 80% of Indians are Hindus. Hinduism is a colorful religion with a vast gallery of Gods and Goddesses. Hinduism is one of the ancient religions in the world. It is supposed to have developed about 5000 years ago. Later on in ancient period other religions developed in India.This diverse and fertile country, which once included the lands we now call Bangladesh and Pakistan, was plundered over eons of time.It was subsequently colonized and controlled by Britain during much of the 19th and 20th centuries. Then, in 1947, India declared independence and formed its own country.

 

India at Glance
  • Name of Country: India
  • India Capital: Delhi
  • Total States in India: 30 , 6 Union Territories.
  • Area in India: 3,287,263 sq.km
  • Population: 1,080,264,400
  • Languages : Hindi, Bengali and 13 other (official) languages, including Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit. Hindustani is widely spoken in the north, and English is, for the most part, the language of modern business.
  • Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
  • Religions: Hindu (80%), Muslim (13%), others
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